Updating FreeBSD in One Line

..and get an E-mail when it is done!

This is how I currently update world on FreeBSD. I recommend that you start a screen session before doing this. Let’s name our session “updating.”

screen -S updating

If you do not have screen I recommend installing it:

cd /usr/ports/sysutils/screen/
make install clean

Now, let’s check the UPDATING file:

less /usr/src/UPDATING

Check for any important news there first (the first couple entries should be enough if you’ve updated recently but you can always check your current patchlevel first with a uname -a).

Go to the src directory and check if anything needs to be updated it /etc before we update by running mergemaster with the -p flag. Often you can skip this step, especially if it is only a minor update.

cd /usr/src
mergemaster -p

Then let’s rebuild and install everything in one line. Use your e-mail address instead at the end:

make -j4 buildworld && echo bw-done && \
make -j4 kernel && echo bkik-done && \
make -j4 installworld && echo iw-done && \
echo "install world done" | mail -s "iw done on $HOSTNAME" myemail@domain.com

It will start running with text streaming by.
If you ran screen at the beginning type Ctrl+a and then type d to disconnect from the session.
I like this because I start it in a screen session and immediately detach.
Once I get the e-mail (or if it has been a while and I haven’t received anything) I reconnect.

When you want to reconnect to check on it or after it is done do:

screen -r updating

Once done if everything looks like it ran fine do this:

mergemaster -iFU

If you want to save some space after you are done

rm -r /usr/obj

Restart the machine and you should be updated!

One thought on “Updating FreeBSD in One Line

  1. Also, every once in a while you might end up with a situation that the bmake program in /usr/obj is messed up (you get a core dump). And it won’t let you even do a “make clean” on the /usr/src.
    In this case just do the:
    rm -r /usr/obj
    And then do what you need to.

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